Introduction to barcode type Code-11
Code 11 is a linear barcode symbology used to encode numeric digits from 0 to 9 along with a special character, "-". It was developed by Intec Corporation in 1977 and has found application in various industries, including transportation, telecommunications, libraries, and clothing labels. Code 11 was designed to be used in high-temperature and high-humidity environments while not requiring high-density data storage, making it a convenient and reliable barcode type for specific use cases.
One of the defining features of Code 11 is its relatively simple encoding. It can only encode the numbers 0 to 9 and the special character "-". Compared to more complex barcode symbologies, Code 11 is simplified but still offers advantages in certain scenarios.
Code 11 barcodes incorporate a checksum to enhance data accuracy. In the encoding process, each character consists of two parts: a character code and a checksum. The character code is composed of five elements, while the checksum consists of two elements. The checksum's role is to increase data integrity, allowing the barcode reader to detect and potentially correct errors during scanning.
To better understand Code 11, let's consider a simple example. Suppose we want to encode the number "123". First, we need to add the start and stop characters. The start character for Code 11 is "-", and the stop character is two consecutive "-". Therefore, the Code 11 barcode for "123" will look like this:
Start Character: -
Encoding: 11001000100 11010010000 11010000100
Stop Character: --
In accordance with Code 11 rules, there is a space between each character code and its checksum. In the example above, we use "0" to represent the space.
One advantage of Code 11 is its ability to operate in challenging environments. Due to its relatively simple character code and checksum encoding, Code 11 is not highly sensitive to print quality or scanner equipment. This widespread applicability makes Code 11 suitable for deployment on low-cost printing devices. Additionally, Code 11 can be used in wideband transmission systems, as its character set is relatively small, avoiding bottlenecks during data transfer.
However, Code 11 does have some limitations. Its character set includes only numeric digits and the "-" character, restricting the range of data that can be encoded. As a result, Code 11 may not be suitable for applications requiring alphanumeric or special symbol encoding. Additionally, the density of Code 11 is relatively low, making it less suitable for applications that demand high-density data storage. In such cases, other barcode types like Code 128 or Data Matrix would be more appropriate choices.
In conclusion, Code 11 is a linear barcode symbology that excels in low-density data identification and tracking, particularly in harsh environments. While it has its advantages, the selection of the appropriate barcode type should be based on specific application requirements and data storage needs to ensure optimal performance.